Alder

Alder is a very common tree that likes stream banks and soggy soils. it grows easily in poor lands.
Common name : Alder
Scientific name : Alnus
Family : Betulaceae
Category : Trees
Type of plant : Perennial
Alders are trees with deciduous foliage common in the northern hemisphere, at first straight and then widening. They can reach 25 meters, and are appreciated because they're easy to grow. The roots of alder are associated with bacteria and fungi that allow it to adapt to very difficult soils, devoid of nitrogen. The leaves of the alders are simple, alternate, and toothed. The most common alder is Alnus glutinosa, the glutinous alder. : the buds and then the leaves of this alder are sticky at start. Its leaves are toothed and oval-shaped, rounded at the tip. The bark is at first smooth, then it forms vaguely rectangular vertical scales that unhook and give the trunk a rough appearance. The flowering is in clusters of green pendants then yellow for male flowers, and in red erect catkins for female flowers.

Sowing & planting

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F
M
A
M
J
J
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O
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D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_3
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 6a
Height 500 - 1000
pH 6 - 8

Identify my alder

The leaves of the alders are simple, alternate, and toothed. The most common alder is Alnus glutinosa The buds and leaves of this alder are sticky at first. Its leaves are toothed and oval, rounded at the end. The bark is initially smooth, then forms vaguely rectangular vertical scales that unhook and give the trunk a rough appearance. Flowering is in bunches of green pendant catkins then yellow for male flowers, and in red upright kittens for female flowers.

Plant my alder

Plant your alder in any soil, wet, in the sun or in the shade. Plant preferably in winter, in bare roots or in mound. Dig a hole deep enough, twice as large as the root ball, without mixing the layers of the soil. Plant a solid stake at the bottom of the hole, on the edge, inclined to the prevailing winds. Cut the root hair - the fine roots that looks like hair - to balance the volume of roots and foliage. Plant without burying the boundary between trunk and roots of the tree, putting the soil layers in the same order you removed them. Tamp the soil around the roots with your foot, so you do not leave a pocket of air, and attach the stake to the trunk with a suitable extensible link. Form a hollow in the soil and water abundantly until you fill it.

Water my alder

Water regularly and generously for several weeks after planting, especially if you planted late in the season.

Unprop my alder

Your tree should be well rooted after two years, so remove the stake now that it is not needed anymore.

Prune my alder

The alders can easily be pruned at ground level, they will groww back. Otherwise, in late winter remove dead branches, those that come back inwards and those that cross, to lighten your alder.

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