Ant plant

A tropical epiphytic plant that lives in a mutualistic association with a colony of ants.
Common name : Ant plant
Scientific name : Myrmecodia spp.
Family : Rubiaceae
Category : Indoor
Type of plant : Perennial
Full description for myrmecodia not yet available


Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_5
Frost-resistance Low
Zone USDA 11a
Height 20 - 40
pH 6 - 6.5

Identify my myrmecodia

Myrmecodia is a genus of epiphytic myrmecophytes native to Southeast Asia, the Southwest Pacific and extending south to Queensland and Cape York in Australia. It is one of five ant-plant genera in the family Rubiaceae, the others being Anthorrhiza, Hydnophytum, Myrmephytum, and Squamellaria. Ant plants live in a mutualistic association with a colony of ants. These plants possess structural adaptations that provide ants with food and shelter.

Plant my myrmecodia

Plant your ant plant in a substrate prepared for epiphytic orchids — 3/5th bark, 1/5th pearlstone, 1/5th fine charcoal — or attach it to a piece of wood or bark, preferably in a container that allows the roots to hang outside.

Water my myrmecodia

Just like epiphytic orchids, ant plants don't like excessive watering, and they like calcium even less. To deal with our very low humidity interiors, favor light watering — at the bottom of the pot so as not to soak the roots — every three to seven days. Get in a routine of watering every 15 days, without spraying during the winter. Use lukewarm water, in the mornings, to allow the pot to dry all day. Make sure not to get the center of the plant wet.

Fertilize my myrmecodia

From March to October, add special liquid orchid fertilizer twice a month.

Repot my myrmecodia

The operation is delicate, and aims to regenerate the substrate of the plant, to give it a well aerated centre and more space. At the end of flowering, when the orchid makes it's young roots, remove it from its pot in a very clean location, replace the substrate, remove damaged roots and replant in a mixture of 3/5th bark, 1/5th pearlstone, 1/5th fine charcoal, in a transparent pot with holes, or in an earthenware pot.

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