Areca palm

An evergreen palm forming a cluster of erect stems - an easy houseplant too !
Common name : Areca palm
Scientific name : Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Family : Arecaceae
Category : Indoor
Type of plant : Perennial
Evergreen
Evergreen
Cold-sensitive
Cold-sensitive
Pruning needed
Pruning needed
Sun loving
Sun loving
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens - or Dypsis lutescens, also known as Areca palm or Butterfly palm- is a species of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family, native to Madagascar, growing 6–12 m (20–39 ft) in height in its natural habitat. Multiple stems emerge from the base and the leaves are arched, 2–3 m (6 ft 7 in–9 ft 10 in) long, and pinnate, with 40-60 pairs of leaflets. It bears panicles of yellow flowers in summer. Offsets can be cut off when mature enough, as a propagation method. It is grown as an ornamental plant in gardens in tropical and subtropical regions, and elsewhere indoors as a houseplant. Its name « Butterfly palm" refers to the leaves which curve upwards in multiple stems, creating a butterfly look.

Sowing & planting

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Flowering

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Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_4
Frost-resistance Low
Zone USDA 12a
Height 300 - 900
pH 6 - 7

Identify my areca palm

Areca are palms with one or more stipes, with arcuate, pinnate leaves arranged in terminal clusters, and panicles of flowers in the summer.

Plant my areca palm

In pots, plant in loam mixed with potting soil and sand, with a gravel layer at the bottom of the tank for good drainage. Choose a pot as large as possible, the areca reaches 9 m in its country of origin! At home it will necessarily be smaller, but still ... Plant without damaging the roots, and especially without burying the collar of the plant. Place the pot in the light, otherwise your palm may gradually wither away, but not right behind a window :)

Sow my areca palm

If you are lucky to have had flowers, or if you find seeds, know that it will not be easy to succeed, but fun! After soaking the seeds one night, the seeds can be sown in a bucket in the spring between 26 and 28 ° C.

Repot my areca palm

Every two or three years, repot your palm tree, cut 1/3 of the roots, and replace 1/3 of the earth. If it is too big to be handled you can replace the top layer of soil with new potting soil, or some compost on about ten centimeters.

Water my areca palm

Areca has variable watering needs according to the season - up to twice a week in the summer, and very little in the winter : keep the substrate dry for a few days between waterings.

Prune my areca palm

You can prune the dryed leaves, it does not hurt, it's prettier, and it even stimulates regrowth!

Shelter my areca palm

Keep your potted palm trees sheltered from frost by bringing them inside, near a window but protecting them from the sun - it is a forest plant, and prefers partial shade.

Put outside my areca palm

In April-May, in any case after the last frosts, if you can, take out your pots! Hop, everyone outside! Find a location sheltered from the wind, and not too sunny either, at least the first days: the areca will appreciate a smooth transition !

Check on my areca palm

Indoors, attacks of red spider and mealybugs are possible: they cause damage to the leaves. A simple washing with a cloth and clear water helps to stop these attacks.

Take care of my areca palm

To compensate for the low air moisture inside, you can spray the palms with non-calcareous water and place a cup filled with clay balls and water under the plant. Remember to regularly remove the dust that is deposited on the palms with a wet sponge: the leaves will perform better photosynthesis!

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