Musa is a genus in the family Musaceae including bananas and plantains. Around 70 species of Musa are known, with a broad variety of uses.
Though they grow as high as trees, banana and plantain plants are not woody and their apparent "stem" is made up of the bases of the huge leaf stalks.
Musa basjoo - the Japanese banana - is cultivated as an ornemental plant in mild climates or houseplant elsewhere : although the pseudostem may only cope with a few degrees below freezing, the underground rhizome is considered frost hardy, if well insulated with thick mulch, in areas with winter temperatures down to −12 °C (10 °F).
Sowing & planting
150 - 400
6 - 7
Identify my banana tree
Banana trees are native to Southeast Asia, and are large evergreen perennials with very large leaves, often paddle-shaped.
In summer, there are tubular flowers arranged in hanging or erect ears, in the axils of large colored bracts.
Plant my banana tree
If you live in a mild climate, you can plant the banana trees in open soil, in full sun, in rich soil, sheltered from the wind that can break the leaves.
In temperate greenhouse, plant in a mixture of potting soil and free land, sheltered from the direct sun, for more fragile species.
Water my banana tree
As soon as the soil becomes dry on one centimeter, water so as to moisten all of it. During the growth period (spring, summer), watering should be regular - once or twice a week - but measured in order not to asphyxiate the roots of plants. In the fall, space the waterings gently, until winter when a simple influx of water once a month should suffice.
Spray my banana tree
In dry weather, spray your plant with soft water, clean the dust on the leaves: it will be all the more beautiful and you will protect it from red spiders - its main enemy!
Fertilize my banana tree
In the summer, add every 2 weeks some liquid fertilizer for green plants. You can also include in the soil mix a slow-release fertilizer in the form of small balls during repotting. Stop any input in the fall.
Repot my banana tree
At the end of winter each year, transplant your plant in a pot slightly larger than it's current scraping the outside of the mound, and adding a mixture of garden soil and potting soil.
Propagate my banana tree
Sow at 21 to 24 ° C after soaking the seeds for 24 hours in lukewarm water.
Check on my banana tree
In a greenhouse, banana trees fear scale insects, aphids and red spiders. Black soap spray can help.
Put outside my banana tree
Feel free to take your Banana tree outside for the summer! Avoid simply plopping it down in full sun; let it acclimatize slowly and, of course, keep an eye of watering! Take it inside at the end of the summer.
Shelter my banana tree
Bring your banana trees inside before the first frosts.