A beautiful plant with flowers resembling a tropical bird.
Common name : Bird of paradise
Scientific name : Strelitzia reginae
Family : Strelitziaceae
Category : Indoor
Type of plant : Perennial
Strelitzia reginae - the crane flower or bird of paradise - is a flowering plant indigenous to South Africa.
It grows up to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall, with large, strong 25–70 cm (9.8–27.6 in) long evergreen leaves arranged in two ranks, making a fan-shaped crown. The hard, beak-like sheath from which the flowers emerge - called the spathe - is placed perpendicular to the stem, which gives it the appearance of a bird's head and beak. The flowers, which emerge one at a time from the spathe, consist of three brilliant orange sepals and three purplish-blue or white petals. Two of the blue or white petals are joined together to form an arrow-like nectary. When the sunbirds sit to drink the nectar, the petals open to cover their feet in pollen.
Strelitzia reginae is very popular as an ornamental plant in warm climates - but needs to be sheltered where the temperatures fall under 5°C.
Sowing & planting
100 - 200
7 - 8
Identify my bird of paradise
The bird of paradise ... What a pretty name! A name that comes from the curious shape of the flowers of this plant, similar to a bird's head!
Strelitzia reginae is a regular at the florist stalls, but if you live in a mild winters climate or if you can grow it in pots, it's a perennial that you can keep much longer!
Plant my bird of paradise
The bird of paradise is a plant of tropical region: it fears frost and can be grown in open soil only in regions with mild winters.
Elsewhere, you can grow it in pots, taking care to protect it in winter.
In open soil, plant in spring in a sunny place, in a mixture of potting soil and garden soil
In pots, prefer large bins, and bring to the plantation some decomposed manure and compost.
Water my bird of paradise
In summer, when it is hot, regularly water the bird of paradise, especially if it is grown in pot: about twice a week.
Water in the evening to limit evaporation, and avoid wetting foliage.
You can reduce the watering in winter, especially for potted plants, every 10 days should be enough.
Fertilize my bird of paradise
A decomposed manure intake in early winter is beneficial in anticipation of the next year.
Use delayed fertilizers if you prefer a chemical and polluting solution (be careful not to lick your fingers).
Do not put too much fertilizer, which causes rapid growth and weakening of the plant against parasites and diseases.
Repot my bird of paradise
Repot every two years in a mixture of manure, compost and loam. If possible, place your plant in a larger pot. Change some of the substrate with new potting soil.
Shelter my bird of paradise
In pots and in regions with cold winters, bring the plant to shelter: place the plant in a bright room, where the temperature does not drop below 10 °. You can reduce watering during this period.
Put outside my bird of paradise
After the last frosts, you can take out your potted plant: find it a partially shaded situation to avoid drying too quickly, and avoid drafts by favoring a sheltered wind situation.