Brocoli

Broccoli is a type of cabbage that is quick and easy to grow.
Common name : Brocoli
Scientific name : Brassica oleracea var. italica
Family : Brassicaceae
Category : Veggies
Type of plant : Biennial
Edible
Edible
Broccoli is a biennial plant that enjoys partial shade in cool soil that's deep, humid and rich. Broccoli is planted in the springtime, either in March or April under shelter or unprotected after the frost lifts, and is harvested between June and November before flowering. Important note: Expect to wait five years before growing broccoli in the same place!

Sowing & planting

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Harvestint

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_3
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 5a
Height 60 - 80
pH 6 - 7

Identify my brocoli

Broccoli is a herbaceous biennial with a meristem, the edible pre-flowering organ. This then forms floral stems which carry white or yellow flowers. The leaves are thick, veined, blue-green, and measure about 20 cm.

Sow my brocoli

Broccoli is sowed in May-June in open soil, in a loose, cool, moist, and rich soil in partial shade. Water after sowing.

Dibble my brocoli

Transplant your broccoli sowed under shelter after the last frost, when they have at least 3-4 real leaves in open soil in a soil that is loose, cool, moist, and rich in partial shade. If the earth isn't correctly fertilized prior to planting, put a little bit of compost at the bottom of the hole while planting. Plant every 60 cm, possibly treating the roots/root ball to prevent drying. Lightly bury the neck of your broccoli. Form a basin and generously water each plant.

Plant my brocoli

Plant the broccoli fairly deep, up to it's first leaves, after the final freezes. Plant in loose, cool, moist, rich and open soil, in partial shade. If the earth isn't correctly fertilized prior to planting, put a little bit of compost at the bottom of the hole while planting. Plant every 70 cm, possibly treating the roots/root ball to prevent drying. Form a basin and generously water each plant.

Mulch my brocoli

Broccoli doesn't like dryness, so mulch it a week after planting.

Protect my brocoli

Careful of frosts! Protect your late broccli from the winter cold with a winter veil or a thick layer of mulch starting in November.

Water my brocoli

Watering this plant is necessary right after sowing or transplanting, and in case of drought. Water in a fine mist after sowing. Avoid to spray the leaves if you can.

Reap my brocoli

Harvest between 7-8 months after seeding, before it enters flowering, by cutting the meristem just above the leaves, five centimeters beneath the head. How to know when to harvest? If the heads have started to turn yellow, it's time.

Remove my brocoli

After the harvest, pull up the roots of your broccoli to make space for other harvests.

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