Chrysanthemums - chrysanths - are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae native to Asia and northeastern Europe, and one of the prettiest perennials that start blooming early in the autumn.
Wild Chrysanthemum taxa are herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs with alternately arranged leaves divided into leaflets with toothed or occasionally smooth edges, and compound inflorescences composed of several yellow flower heads, or sometimes a solitary head.
Modern cultivars are showier than their wild relatives. The flower heads can be daisy-like or decorative, like pompons or buttons. In addition to the traditional yellow, other colors are available, such as white, purple, and red.
Sowing & planting
30 - 120
6 - 7
Identify my chrysanth
The chrysanth have many habits and flowering colors: they are classified according to the shape of their flowers, which can be simple, curved, in the shape of anemone, in pompon, spatulate, or spider shaped ...
There are also early varieties that bloom in September and late blooming until January.
Plant my chrysanth
Plant chrysanth in fall or spring.
They will enjoy a sunny, sheltered, cool and drained, neutral or acidic, rather rich location. Add compost before planting if necessary. Mulch just after planting, and water.
Weed my chrysanth
In perennial species, weeding also means working your flowerbed – don't let anything develop too quickly to the detriment of others.
Water my chrysanth
Chrysanthemums, once installed - and especially properly mulched! - do not have large water requirements. In pot however, water during the summer season but without excess, once a week if it is very dry, rather in the morning and sparing the leaves. The first year however, watch the weather, and bring some water if necessary.
Fertilize my chrysanth
With a respectful approach to soil life, it's always better to fertilize a little in advance with organic material that will decompose; spread out a compost that isn't entirely decomposed, with well decomposed manure at the plant's base, and incorporate over 10 cm with a hoe. This operation is carried out in winter so that earthworms and bacteria have enough time to do their job.
Propagate my chrysanth
These chrysanthemums are multiplied by cuttings between January and March. Choose a beautiful stem from which you will remove the foliage only keeping two to three pretty leaves, place it in sand and compost well decomposed. Keep it between 16 and 18 ° C. A month later, you should be able to repot the seedlings in a cold shelter.
Mulch my chrysanth
Mulch if possible your chrysanth, even in pots! This will prevent you from watering and weeding in summer and it will protect the roots from cold in winter.
Cut down my chrysanth
When stems reach 15-20 cm, trim the most vigorous plants to keep them compact. Repeat the process in the summer, to get a larger number of small flowers.
Prune my chrysanth
Vigilant deadheading will prolong the blooming period !
Shelter my chrysanth
These chrysanthemums are afraid of frost, bring the best tufts in a cold greenhouse during the winter in regions with harsh winters.
Put outside my chrysanth
In Spring, after the frosts, put your chrysanth back in the open soil.