Coneflowers

A relative of the Rudbeckias, robust and hardy.
Common name : Coneflowers
Scientific name : Echinacea spp.
Family : Asteraceae
Category : Perennials
Type of plant : Perennial
Pruning needed
Pruning needed
Flowery
Flowery
Frost resistant
Frost resistant
Full description for Echinacea spp. not yet available.

Sowing & planting

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_4
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 6a
Height 60 - 120
pH 7 - 8

Plant my coneflowers

If it has a sufficiently sunny exposure, coneflowers enjoy any soil. Prepare the soil by a light digging - to decompact the soil without necessarily turning it, with a pitchfork a scratching and a raking. Add an amendment, if the soil is not very rich. Plant the perennials at a spacing of 1/3 of the adult height between plants. Tamp the soil down well so that the roots are not in contact with air, then water generously.

Water my coneflowers

Echinacea tolerates some drought. Watch it during the growing season, and during the summer. Iif you see the foliage wilting, it means that the plant is already in big trouble: so water abundantly.

Weed my coneflowers

In perennial species, weeding also means working your flowerbed – don't let anything develop too quickly to the detriment of others.

Prune my coneflowers

Give it a rounded shape in early spring by pruning the plant slightly - about 1/3 of the height of the stems. You can prune the flower stalks when the flowers have faded, to stimulate the next flowering.

Fertilize my coneflowers

Echinacea blooms a lot - so it has important needs! It will thrive better if it is fertilized regularly. With a respectful approach to soil life, it's always better to fertilize a little in advance with organic material that will decompose; spread out a compost that isn't entirely decomposed, with well decomposed manure at the plant's base, and incorporate over 10 cm with a hoe. This operation is carried out in winter so that earthworms and bacteria have enough time to do their job.

Propagate my coneflowers

Divide the clumps when they are too big or if they bloom less, after 4 or 5 years, and not too often, echinacea does not like to be disturbed! Divide the tuft in the fall or spring using a spade, depending on its development, its size, and your desires. This will, in addition to multiplying it, lighten it. You can also harvest the seeds of Echinacea when they are ripe: the heart turns brown and you can get out the beige seeds and before they fall. Keep them cold before sowing them in the spring. Be careful, the plants will only flower during the second year.

Mulch my coneflowers

Mulching the perennial plants will save you from watering and weeding and will even fertilize the soil a bit as it decomposes. When choosing, know that dry wood chips are the most inert, but they will last for a longer time. Fresh wood chips and leaves enrich the soil but must be changed often. Grass cuttings are to be used mixed with something else in a layer that is at most 1 cm thick. Mulch with a thickness of at least 5 cm to provide a good level of efficiency.

Cut down my coneflowers

Like most deciduous perennials, coneflowers do not retain its aerial parts during the winter; they will survive by their underground system. At the end of the season, the foliage and the withered flower stalks can be cut without hindsight. Do not touch the root or the buds that are coming from the ground.

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