Cornstalk

A species of dracaena with surprising leaves.
Common name : Cornstalk
Scientific name : Dracaena fragrans
Family : Agavaceae
Category : Indoor
Type of plant : Perennial
Dracaena fragrans - the cornstalk dracaena - is a species in the family Asparagaceae native to tropical Africa, commonly grown in Africa as a hedge plant, and popular elsewhere as a houseplant and valued for its tolerance of neglect, and of a wide range of indoor conditions from full light to low light. It is a large shrub, growing to 15 m (49 ft) or more in its natural habitat (up to 1.2 m as a houseplant), with glossy green, lanceolate, 20–150 cm (7.9–59.1 in) long leaves and pink to white flowers produced in panicles. Several cultivars have variegated foliage, including 'Massangeana', with a bright yellow central stripe on the foliage, or 'Compacta’.

Flowering

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F
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Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_2
Frost-resistance Low
Zone USDA 11a
Height 60 - 150
pH 6 - 7

Identify my cornstalk

The dragon trees are about forty species of African and Canary trees and shrubs, which bear glazed leaves, lanceolate, arranged spirally mainly at the end of the stems. The many small white flowers are organized in panicles at the ends of the branches.

Plant my cornstalk

As a desert plant and a lover of hot and dry environments, the dragon tree thrives at a temperature between 18 and 22 ° C and needs light. Be careful: avoid placing it right behind a window facing south, the direct light could burn it : a window facing west is best. Plant it in a mix of loam and potting soil, in a large pot.

Water my cornstalk

Your dracaena fears humidity, and its water needs are pretty limited — it stores everything it needs inside its thick leaves! During growth seasons (spring, summer), watering should be regular, about once or twice a week, but controlled, to make sure the roots don't rot. In autumn, gradually reduce watering until winter, when twice-monthly watering will suffice.

Spray my cornstalk

In dry weather, spray your plant with water not too hard, clean the dust on the leaves: it will be all the more beautiful and you will protect it from red spiders - its main enemy!

Fertilize my cornstalk

In summer, add liquid fertilizer for green plants every 2 weeks. You can also add slow release fertilizer pellets to the soil mix when planting or repotting. Stop all fertilizer treatments at the end of summer.

Repot my cornstalk

At the end of winter every year, transplant your plant in a pot slightly larger than the current, with a mixture of garden soil and potting soil. If it is too big for potting, just scratch the top soil and add a layer of potting soil.

Shelter my cornstalk

Starting in autumn, bring in the pots. Have your plant spend winter in a bright frost-free spot:the ideal temperature being 18-24 °C. During winter, keep watering your tree as long as it is still bearing fruit, then you can space out the watering, letting the substrate dry slightly between them.

Put outside my cornstalk

Take out your dragon tree for the summer, starting in May. Find it first a shady spot to acclimate it for few days, then place it gradually in the sun.

Check on my cornstalk

Keep a close eye on the leaves: if they are deformed it is either a lack of light or an excess of water. Try both: find a brighter location and reduce watering.

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