Cyrtomium

Cyrtomium is a fern - some species are cultivated in the garden for their evergreen leaves. A beautiful foliage, and easy to grow in the shady corners.
Common name : Cyrtomium
Scientific name : Cyrtomium spp.
Family : Dryopteridaceae
Category : Perennials
Type of plant : Perennial
Cyrtomiums are simple plants to cultivate. Particularly appreciated are their shiny and tough, pinnate fronds. They are resistant to cold and keep their leaves until temperatures fall below 5 ┬░ C. Otherwise, they will grow again from the roots. A soil with a lot of decaying organic matter in the shade or half shade suits them, provided it is not soaked in winter. C. falcatum and C. fortunei are cultivated in the garden. The first can even be grown indoors or spend the winter in the garden provided you have mulched tits foot.

Sowing & planting

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Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
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Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 7a
Height 30 - 60
pH 6 - 7

Identify my cyrtomium

This genus of semi-evergreen ferns has pinnate leaves, bright green and shiny, leathery and smooth. The leaflets are pointed and falciform, and reach about 5 cm in length.

Plant my cyrtomium

Plant in humus soil, light, in the shade, in spring or fall. When planting, add compost to the garden soil to lightening it if necessary. Water copiously. Plant frosty ferns in pots in non-enriched, very fibrous soil. For this you need a pot of 5 to 10 liters. In any case, mulch generously after planting.

Water my cyrtomium

In pots, water every week. Water the cyrtomium planted in a wall as if they were in a pot. In open soil, water the first year every week if the weather is dry. Avoid watering with calcareous or chlorinated water.

Repot my cyrtomium

Replace the top layer with some decomposed compost or potting soil of your potted ferns from time to time, to make up for the lack of decomposition that a balanced soil provides.

Prune my cyrtomium

In Spring, you can cut the dry leaves of the previous year.

Mulch my cyrtomium

Each year, bring some ground mash or leaves at the foot of your fern.

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