Date palm

Date palms can be grown in warm climates or coastal areas (where the temperatures never hit below -10°C) - but they won’t produce dates.
Common name : Date palm
Scientific name : Phoenix dactylifera
Family : Arecaceae
Category : Trees
Type of plant : Perennial
Evergreen
Evergreen
Cold-sensitive
Cold-sensitive
Full description for Phoenix dactylifera not yet available.

Sowing & planting

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_4
Frost-resistance Medium
Zone USDA 9a
Height 100 - 1000
pH 6 - 7

Identify my date palm

The Phoenix dactilyfera is a palm tree whose stipe can reach 30 meters in height. These stipes, kinds of false trunks, can be multiple in Phoenix dactilifera and are simple in the Phoenix canariensis. The stipe surface is covered with lozenges formed by the fall of the leaves. The fins are up to 7m long, and are organized in fishbone.

Plant my date palm

In the open ground, plant in spring in a spot sheltered from the wind, warm, drained, fresh, rich, in semi shade. Dig a hole three times the size of the root ball, and plant without burying the base of the stem. Tamp the soil well while you put it back in the hole. Do not mix the soil layers. Form a large hollow, and water with at least two watering cans. In pots, plant in loam mixed with potting soil, and put gravel at the bottom of the tank for good drainage. Choose a pot as large as possible.

Repot my date palm

Every two or three years, repot your palm tree, cut 1/3 of the roots, and replace 1/3 of the earth. If it is too big to be handled you can replace the top layer of soil with new potting soil, or some compost on about ten centimeters.

Water my date palm

Water the palms the first year after planting, and also if yours is potted, as soon as the soil has dried since the previous watering, without ever soaking them. Always water with water at room temperature: the palm tree does not appreciate cold water!

Prune my date palm

Cut off the dry leaves.

Shelter my date palm

Keep your potted palm trees sheltered from frost by bringing them inside, near a window but protecting them from the sun.

Put outside my date palm

In April-May, take out your pots sheltered inside for the winter: find a location sheltered from drafts!

Check on my date palm

The butterfly larva Paysandisia archon is currently active in the south of France, and digs galleries in the plant. Cut and burn, or a treatment with nematode Steinernema carpocapsae, as a preventive, is possible between March and November.

Take care of my date palm

To compensate for the low air moisture inside, you can spray the palms with non-calcareous water and place a cup filled with clay balls and water under the plant. Remember to regularly remove the dust that is deposited on the palms with a wet sponge: the leaves will perform better photosynthesis!

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