European fan palm

One of the most cold-hardy palms!
Common name : European fan palm
Scientific name : Chamaerops humilis
Family : Arecaceae
Category : Trees
Type of plant : Perennial
Sun loving
Sun loving
Large pot
Large pot
Chamaerops humilis - the European fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm - is a shrub-like clumping palm, with several stems growing from a single base, often tightly together, eventually reaching 2–5 m (10–20 ft) tall. It is valued in gardening and landscaping in many parts of the world. It is very drought-tolerant once established, and most species are hardy to −12 °C (10 °F).

Sowing & planting



Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_5
Frost-resistance Medium
Zone USDA 8a
Height 150 - 300
pH 6 - 7.5

Plant my european fan palm

In open soil, plant in spring in a spot sheltered from the wind, warm, drained, fresh, rich, in semi shade. Dig a hole three times the size of the root ball, and plant without burying the base of the stem. Tamp the soil well while you put it back in the hole. Do not mix the soil layers. Water with at least two watering cans. In pots, plant in loam mixed with potting soil, and put gravel at the bottom of the tank for good drainage. Choose a pot as large as possible.

Sow my european fan palm

Sow in the spring at 19 to 24 ° C - and if possible soak the seeds for 24 hours before.

Repot my european fan palm

Every two or three years, repot your palm tree, cut 1/3 of the roots, and replace 1/3 of the soil. If it is too big to be handled you can replace the top layer of soil with new potting soil, or some compost on about ten centimeters.

Water my european fan palm

Water the palms the first year after planting, and also if yours is potted, as soon as the soil has dried since the previous watering, without ever soaking them. Always water with water at room temperature: the palm tree does not appreciate cold water!

Prune my european fan palm

Cut off the dry leaves.

Shelter my european fan palm

Keep your potted palm trees sheltered from frost by bringing them inside, near a window but protecting them from the sun.

Put outside my european fan palm

In April-May, take out your pots sheltered for the winter and place them in a place sheltered from the winds.

Check on my european fan palm

The butterfly larva Paysandisia archon is currently active in the south of France, and digs galleries in the plant. Cut and burn, or use a treatment with nematode Steinernema carpocapsae, as a preventive, between March and November.

Spray my european fan palm

To compensate for the low air moisture inside, you can spray the palms with non-calcareous water and place a cup filled with clay balls and water under the plant. Remember to regularly remove the dust that is deposited on the palms with a wet sponge: the leaves will perform better photosynthesis!

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