Fennel

Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare - is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves, indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean, which explains why it likes dry soils near the sea-coast and riverbanks.
Common name : Fennel
Scientific name : Foeniculum vulgare
Family : Apiaceae
Category : Veggies
Type of plant : Perennial
Fennel is a perennial, erect, glaucous green herb, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 m with hollow stems. The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels, each umbel section having up to 50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. Fennel grows in the wild in Europe, so it is rather easy to have it in your garden, in dry, poor soil in full sun. Good to know : it is also a good insect repellent.

Sowing & planting

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Flowering

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Harvestint

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Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_5
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 7a
Height 100 - 200
pH 6 - 7

Water my fennel

The only watering required is during seedling emergence, and possibly just after planting.

Sow my fennel

You can sow common fennel in March-April or even between August and September. Be careful, you must sow in a drained soil. Prepare the soil finely because the seeds are small, then sow on rows spaced 50 cm apart, in small groups every 20 cm. Sprinkle in light rain to avoid scattering the seeds.

Plant my fennel

If you have purchased fennel in a bucket, plant it in the spring or fall, in the sun, in well-drained, even poor soil. Make a hole two to three times bigger than the root ball, set the seedling at the right height, then fill back. Put the soil back in the same order it was extracted, without mixing the layers of soil, then water copiously.

Dibble my fennel

If you have sown at a temporary location, you can move your young fennel after a month, when it is strong enough to handle being manipulated. Replant every 50-80 cm, in a very draining soil, in full sun.

Reap my fennel

Harvest the leaves or stems at your own pace, between May and October.

Prune my fennel

At the end of the season, the big stalks of fennel will dry and break. Cut them to the ground, and compost them.

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