Fuchsia is a flowering shrub which can be identified by its delicate, multicoloured bells. It is cold-sensitive, and should be protected in winter.
Common name : Fuchsia
Scientific name : Fuchsia spp.
Family : Onagraceae
Category : Shrubs
Type of plant : Perennial
Fuchsias are a genus from the family Onagraceae, originally from Latin America and New Zealand. There are hundreds of species, of which many are grown as decorative plants for their multicoloured, pendant flowers in purple, pink, or white.
Did you know? The genus Fuchsia was dedicated by Charles Plumier, who discovered these plants in Saint Domingue at the end of the 17th century, to Leonhart Fuchs, a German botanist.
Fuchsias are sensitive to the cold at temperatures below 4°C/39°F, but the foliage is evergreen. Plant them in fertilized, cool soil that's well-drained, in a shaded or partially shaded area.
Fuchsias are trees and shrubs that come from Central American, South America, and New Zealand. They have hanging and axillary flowers gathered in bouquets. The flowers have curbed colored sepals on a long tube, with the petals forming a bell shape.
Plant my fuchsia
Plant in the spring in deep well drained fresh soil, in the sun or partial shade. You can plant your hardy fuchsias in the ground as long as you bury 5 cm of the stem's base and find a spot sheltered from cold winds. If potted, choose a container that is at least 30 cm in diameter and fill it with potting soil and well balanced soil.
Water my fuchsia
Water twice a week in the first month, and in case of drought in the summer. In pots, water at least twice a week.
Mulch my fuchsia
Mulch your hardy fuchsias before winter with a thick layer to protect them from the cold. Repeat the mulching in March-April with a a soil enriching compost and cover with leaves or ground wood.
Shelter my fuchsia
Bring in your potted non-hardy fuchsias and keep their soil very slightly damp during winter.
Put outside my fuchsia
In the month of May, take out your fuchsias, but find them a place that is sheltered from wind.
Prune my fuchsia
In mid-October, prune hardy fuchsias planted in open soil to protect them during winter. After flowering, prune fuchsias a lot, leaving only 2-3 eye buds at the base of this year's growth, giving them a stocky habit.
Check on my fuchsia
Fuchsias are sensitive to aphids, whiteflies, bugs, weevils, botrytis cinerea fungi, and rust. All of these damage the leaves but don't danger the plant's survival unless severely infected. Most of these pests prefer hot and humid environments.
Fertilize my fuchsia
If potted, fertilize during the flowering, either with a liquid fertilizer such as liquid manure or decoction or by revitalizing the top soil by adding potting soil and lightly hoeing.