Crassula ovata - the jade plant, friendship tree, lucky plant or money tree - is a succulent plant with small pink or white flowers, native to South Africa and Mozambique and common as a houseplant worldwide. Much of its popularity stems from the low levels of care needed as it requires little water and can survive in most indoor conditions.
Sowing & planting
20 - 30
Identify my jade plant
The jade plant is an evergreen with thick branches and thick, shiny, smooth leaves that grow in opposing pairs along the branches. Leaves are a rich jade green, although some may appear to be more of a yellow-green. Some varieties may develop a red tinge on the edges of leaves when exposed to high levels of sunlight. New stems grow the same color and texture as the leaves and although they turn brown with age they never become true lignified tissue, remaining succulent and fleshy throughout the plant's life. Under the right conditions, they may produce small white or pink, star-like shaped flowers in the fall.
Plant my jade plant
Typically a mild climate plant, Crassula adapts especially well to the interiors of our homes and apartments. It develops well between temperatures of 18-22°C (slightly cooler in winter, if possible), and it needs light. Be careful nonetheless. Avoid placing the plant directly behind a window with too much sun exposure! It is possible to keep your crassula outdoors if the temperatures in your area don't dip below 0°C. Otherwise, keep it inside!
Water my jade plant
Your crassula dislikes humidity, and its water needs are pretty limited — it stores everything it needs inside its thick leaves!
During growth seasons (spring, summer), watering should be regular, about once or twice a month, but controlled, to make sure the roots don't rot. In autumn, gradually reduce watering until winter, when once-monthly watering will suffice.
Spray my jade plant
In dry weather, spray your plant with water not too hard and clean the dust on the leaves: it will be all the more beautiful! Note that this plant tends to grow in the direction of the sun : turn it around it a little, regularly !
Prune my jade plant
When some branches do not have a good look or are too old, you can prune, ideally in spring, after flowering.
The best way is to cut by hand by breaking the stems gently. Be sure to keep 3 to 5 leaves on each branch, otherwise pruning may weaken it too much.
Fertilize my jade plant
Never ! Your crassula likes poor soils, really!
Repot my jade plant
At the end of the winter every 3 or 4 years, repot your plant in a pot slightly larger than the current, with a mixture of sand and potting soil.
Propagate my jade plant
Your crassula multiplies very easily by cuttings: it survives in fact several days without roots!
Take a twig of 7 to 10 centimeters, but sometimes a simple broken leaf can do the trick!
Let it dry for a few days until a "callus" appears - it's a small bulge - at its base, normally within 4 days.
Then put it in a pot on the surface of a sand substrate or mix slightly damp soil / sand.
Keep it in a room at about 20-25 ° C, and in a location with lots of light, but not in direct sunlight! Water moderately, allowing the surface of the substrate to dry between 2 waterings. After a few days, an identical seedling will appear at the base of the leaf: transplant the seedlings into another pot after about 3 months.
Check on my jade plant
Crassula is not very sensitive to diseases, except when it is too watered. It can then be attacked by mealybugs or kermes, mildew or thrips.
Mealybugs are sucking biting insects covered with a sort of waxy or powdery shell. If the leaves become sticky and become covered with sooty mold and the infected parts of the plant dry up, spray rapeseed oil to smother them.
Thrips is a small, 1 to 2 mm pitting insect that appears in hot, dry weather, much like red spiders. A spray of water slightly soaped on the leaves at the first outbreaks may contain it.
In all cases, check the frequency of your watering, and possibly the hygrometry of the room.
Put outside my jade plant
Do not hesitate to take out your crassula for the summer! Just avoid placing it directly in direct sunlight or in a situation with too little shelter - acclimatize it slowly, and of course, watch the watering! You should bring it inside at the end of the summer.
Shelter my jade plant
Bring back your crassula inside long before the first cool nights, ideally in a room not too heated so that it "feels" it is winter.
It is also on this condition that it will produce small white or pink star-shaped flowers in early spring: a good winter period cool with 5 to 10 ° C at night without artificial light is needed!
You will water once a month in winter.