Jasmine

You'll know it's jasmine by its distinct fragrance.
Common name : Jasmine
Scientific name : Jasminum spp.
Family : Oleaceae
Category : Climbing plants
Type of plant : Perennial
Flowery
Flowery
The term "jasmine" covers a number of dicotyledons belonging to the Jasminum genus. Jasmin and roses are the leading floral queens of perfume. The yellow or white flowers grow on a shrub that belongs in the Oleaceae family, grown in China, the home to many species. There are over 200, and some are better grown in pots and indoors, depending on your climate. The Spanish jasmine can't take the cold, whereas the common jasmine can resist temperatures as cold as 14°F without too much difficulty.

Sowing & planting

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Flowering

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Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_2
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 6a
Height 200 - 1000
pH 7

Identify my jasmine

You'll know it's jasmine by its distinct fragrance. Jasmine is well know for it's white flowers, but these climbers also come in shades of yellow and pinking, depending on the species.

Plant my jasmine

Plant in spring or autumn, in a location well-sheltered from the wind, in sun or partial shade — remember that sunlight will determine flowering! — and in regular to rich, correctly drained soil. Look for a support which the plant can cling to, the side of a wall, or a trellis for example. If you have sandy soil, add some compost to the planting hole, and for very heavy soil, enrich with sand and compost. Jasmine doesn't like a lot of water, so don't leave a pool at it's feet!

Mulch my jasmine

At the beginning of summer, cover the base of the plant with a light mulch to keep the soil cool — do the opposite in autumn. A nice, thick mulch will help protect your jasmine from the bite of winter cold!

Water my jasmine

Water generously and often in spring and in summer for the first year, a little less the second, and then mostly during high heat periods and that is all: outside of particular conditions, your plant will manage very well on its own (rainwater is gentle which is perfect!) If it is potted, you must think about it from time to time and water when the soil is fairly dry.

Fertilize my jasmine

Fertilize the roots in the summer, particularly the first few years, with a good bed of compost.

Prune my jasmine

Don't even think about trying to trim it for the first few years, this plant takes it time getting settled. Let it grow at it's own pace, and you'll be astonished at the strength that follows. You can carry out an aesthetic pruning every 2 to 3 years, immediately after flowering.

Shelter my jasmine

If you've chosen a variety that's a bit fragile to the cold, and if you're growing your jasmine in a pot, bring it in during the winter and place it in a well lit room (not too hot!).

Put outside my jasmine

Take your potted jasmine outside as soon as the last chilly nights are finished. Find it a nice, sunny place to stay, but keep it well sheltered from the wind.

Propagate my jasmine

Multiply your jasmine by taking cuttings or by layering! Layering works like this — at the very beginning of spring, pick a nice, long, and healthy branch growing from the base of the plant. Approximately every 20 cm, strip the leaves from the stem in five cm sections, then make a shallow cut in each bare patch with the help of a grafting tool or a sharp, disinfected knife. Bend the branch gently down to the level of the ground, hold it there, and dig 15 cm circular holes corresponding with the stripped sections. Fill the holes 3/4 up with potting soil and sand, mixed together. For each section of cut branch, fasten it to the ground with u-clips or garden pegs. Each section must be located over it's corresponding hole. Refill the holes and gently pack the mixture down. Finally, straighten the end of the branch, staking it into the ground at the end if necessary. Water copiously! The following autumn, check for the presence of roots. If everyone goes well, use your pruners to cut the new plants from the mother's root, then keep them sheltered until the following spring! To grow from a cutting, operate after flowering. Take a 15 cm long cutting and remove the lower leaves, keeping the ones closer to the top. In a pot, arrange a base of gravel for drainage, then add a mixture of sand and peat moss. Press down with your fingers. Dig a 10 cm whole to place the cutting in. Water with a fine mist. Place the pot in a dark location, inside, and keep it moist. You can plant it the following spring.

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