Jasminum officinale - the jasmine - is a species of flowering plant in the olive family, widely cultivated for the intense fragrance of its flowers in summer. It is a vigorous, twining, bright, deciduous climber with sharply pointed pinnate leaves and clusters of starry, pure white flowers in summer.
Sowing & planting
300 - 1200
Identify my jasmine
Jasmine is easy to recognize by its smell!
Jasmine officinalis is well known for its white flowers, it also bears opposite leaves, pinnated with 5 to 9 leaflets.
It is a climber that reaches 12 meters in favorable conditions. It growws small black berries after flowering.
Plant my jasmine
Plant in spring or fall, in a well-sheltered spot in the sun or partial shade, knowing that the exposure determines flowering, in ordinary soil or rich soil, properly drained. Provide a support on which the plant will be able to climb, along a wall or on an arbor for example.
If your soil is sandy, add compost to the planting hole, and in very heavy soil, amend with sand and compost: jasmine does not like stagnant water, do not make a bowl on its foot!
Mulch my jasmine
In early summer, cover the foot with a light mulch to keep the soil cool - conversely in the fall, a thick mulch will eventually protect your jasmine from the cold bites!
Water my jasmine
Water generously and not too often in spring and in summer for the first year, a little less the second, and then mostly during high heat periods and that is all: outside of particular conditions, your plant will manage very well on its own (rainwater is gentle which is perfect!)
If it is potted, you must think about it from time to time and water when the soil is fairly dry.
Fertilize my jasmine
Fertilize the roots in the summer, particularly the first few years, with a good bed of compost.
Prune my jasmine
Do not prune the first years, this plant takes its time to settle. Let it grow at its own pace, you will be amazed by its vigor afterwards.
You can prune to manage its shape, directly after flowering, every 2 or 3 years.
Shelter my jasmine
You jasmine grown in a pot may be sensitive to a medium frosts. You can bring it in for the winter, in a brightly lighted room, but not too warm ! An unheated porch will be just perfect. You can also leave it outside, and keep an eye on the thermometer to act when needed!
Put outside my jasmine
Take out your jasmine, when the last cold nights are gone. Find a sunny spot, sheltered from the wind.
Propagate my jasmine
Multiply your jasmine by taking cuttings or by layering!
Layering works like this — at the very beginning of spring, pick a nice, long, and healthy branch growing from the base of the plant. Approximately every 20 cm, strip the leaves from the stem in five cm sections, then make a shallow cut in each bare patch with the help of a grafting tool or a sharp, disinfected knife.
Bend the branch gently down to the level of the ground, hold it there, and dig 15 cm circular holes corresponding with the stripped sections. Fill the holes 3/4 up with potting soil and sand, mixed together.
For each section of cut branch, fasten it to the ground with u-clips or garden pegs. Each section must be located over it's corresponding hole. Refill the holes and gently pack the mixture down. Finally, straighten the end of the branch, staking it into the ground at the end if necessary.
The following autumn, check for the presence of roots. If everyone goes well, use your pruners to cut the new plants from the mother's root, then keep them sheltered until the following spring!
To grow from a cutting, operate after flowering.
Take a 15 cm long cutting and remove the lower leaves, keeping the ones closer to the top. In a pot, arrange a base of gravel for drainage, then add a mixture of sand and peat moss. Press down with your fingers. Dig a 10 cm whole to place the cutting in. Water with a fine mist. Place the pot in a dark location, inside, and keep it moist. You can plant it the following spring.