Nanking cherry

Nanking cherry is actually not a cherry but still well worth discovering!
Common name : Nanking cherry
Scientific name : Prunus tomentosa
Family : Rosaceae
Category : Fruit plants
Type of plant : Perennial
Sun loving
Sun loving
Flowery
Flowery
Frost resistant
Frost resistant
Large pot
Large pot
Prunus tomentosa - The Nanking cherry - is a species of Prunus native to northern and western China. It is a deciduous shrub growing 0.3–3 m (rarely 4 m) high, with glabrous and copper-tinted black bark, alternate, 2–7 cm long oval to obovate leaves with irregularly serrate margins, rugose, dark green, pubescent above and tomentose below, with glandular petioles. The flowers are white or pink in a scarlet calyx, opening with or before the leaves in spring. Though often called a "cherry" and superficially resembling them, Nanking cherry is closer related to plums than true cherries. It prefers full sun and grows naturally in a variety of soils. It is both drought and cold-resistant.

Sowing & planting

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F
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M
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D

Flowering

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F
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M
J
J
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D

Harvestint

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M
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J
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D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_1
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 6a
Height 100 - 200
pH 6 - 7

Identify my nanking cherry

The ragouminier is a shrub of modest size - less than two meters. Its leaves are deciduous, alternate, oval and downy with slightly serrated edges. In the spring, the flowering is very abundant with small white or pale pink fragrant flowers carrying 5 petals and united in umbels. Then, fruits grow from the wood, without petioles, from the beginning of the summer. These drupes are bright red, they are edible, without acidity and juicy!

Plant my nanking cherry

The Prunus tomentosa grows in full sun, in well-drained soil, neither limestone nor clay, rather sandy. You can keep it in a vat, on a terrace, given its small size, or isolated in the orchard, or even in mixed country hedgerow. Water just after planting with at least 50 liters of water that you pour into a hollow formed around the trunk. A support pole planted in the hole, inclined, facing the prevailing winds will be useful, provided you do not forget to remove it after 2 years, and use a suitable flexible attachment.

Prune my nanking cherry

The Prunus tomentosa does not really need pruning. Remove only dead branches and those that cross.

Water my nanking cherry

In the first month and in case of drought, water abundantly but not too frequently, so that the roots will fetch water deeper. Water thoroughly, until the soil is wet and a small puddle remains around the tree.

Mulch my nanking cherry

Thoroughly mulch the base of the young trees during the first year with wood or bark chips (or whatever you have on hand). This will limit competition with other herbaceous plants and reduce the chore of watering.

Unprop my nanking cherry

If you have staked your cherry tree, remove the stake delicately - it is no longer needed.

Check on my nanking cherry

The Prunus tomentosa is robust and does not fear much! However, birds love its fruits, and there is unfortunately no miracle method. Nets are effective but may trap the birds, while the various scarecrows - like old CDs that spin and emit reflections - will only disrupt them for a while. A good idea is to give water to the birds: indeed, if they eat your cherries, it is also and above all because they are thirsty! Save a water point, with water flush with the edges - a bucket is good, but it must be kept flush ... - or a floating wooden board ... It works, unless of course the water point is also accessible to the cat!

Reap my nanking cherry

Harvest when it comes cherry time ;-) When the peduncle - the little tail that holds the cherry - comes off with a pull. Warning: the branches are known to break easily, so beware.

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