Parsnip

A must-have in the winter vegetable garden!
Common name : Parsnip
Scientific name : Pastinaca sativa
Family : Apiaceae
Category : Veggies
Type of plant : Biennial
Edible
Edible
Pastinaca sativa - the parsnip - is a root vegetable closely related to the carrot and parsley native to Eurasia. It is a biennial plant with a rosette of roughly hairy leaves that have a pungent odor when crushed, and yellow flowers. Its long, tuberous root has cream-colored skin and flesh - and left in the ground to mature, it becomes sweeter in flavour after winter frosts. In its first growing season, the plant has a rosette of pinnate, mid-green leaves. Parsnip resembles carrots and can be used in similar ways, but it has a sweeter taste, especially when cooked.

Sowing & planting

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F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

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F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Harvestint

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_3
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 6a
Height 50 - 70
pH 7

Identify my parsnip

An old vegetable, which we find again today! There are different types of parsnips: Early round parsnips that, as the name suggests, are rather round in shape. The half-long parsnip, with its shape close to the carrot, is the most common in our vegetable gardens. Long parsnip, less common, is a long root that can measure 50 cm long or more.

Reap my parsnip

Harvest your parsnips as needed, before they bloom. Use a pitchfork to avoid breaking them.

Sow my parsnip

Sow parsnips from February to June, under cover if there is still risk of frost. Sow in open-soil in very light soil, with sand, cover barely. The parsnip likes sunny situations and requires a soil quite well amended: the best is to have made compost inputs well before the previous winter! Caution: avoid replanting parsnips at the same place before 4 years.

Thin out my parsnip

Thin out your plants! Thin seedlings of 4 leaves at about 12 to 15 cm: the production will be 6 to 7 roots per linear meter.

Mulch my parsnip

Mulch your parsnips 2 to 3 weeks after the thinning, to limit weeding and watering: everything that comes to hand may be suitable, dead leaves, grass clippings (previously dried) ... It will save you the hassle of watering too much and weeding too!

Water my parsnip

Parsnips require a good amount of watering! Water the seedlings in fine mist, to avoid dispersing the seeds or damaging the plants. Water also in summer in case of hot weather: Water often but copiously.

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