Here we’ll focus on perennial species and cultivars.
Common name : Perennial sage
Scientific name : Salvia spp.
Family : Lamiaceae
Category : Perennials
Type of plant : Perennial
Salvia is a genus in the mint family, Lamiaceae, with nearly 1000 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals. Many species are used as herbs, or as ornamental plants and numerous cultivars have been produced for gardens.
Sages have opposite leaves, simple, toothed, sometimes felted, on square stems.
The flowers are borne by upright stems, in ears or in clusters, and they have two lips, the upper erect, and the lower bearing two teeth.
Plant my perennial sage
In open soil:
Sages are planted in spring or autumn, in a light soil, draining, humus, fresh, and rich. Place them preferably in the sun or in semi-shade. If your soil is not rich enough, add some ripe compost.
Plant every 40-90 cm depending of your variety. Cover with soil and tamp to remove air around the roots, then water. Potted:
Planting in pot is essential if the winters are rough. Choose a large container - 15 liters or more. Lay a layer of gravel, then place potting soil or very ripe compost on top of it. Arrange your sage at the proper height, then finish filling the pot. Tamp well and water several times.
Water my perennial sage
Water during the summer season, once a week in case of dry weather, in the morning if possible. Water also during first month after planting, twice a week.
Fertilize my perennial sage
With a respectful approach to soil life, it's always better to fertilize a little in advance with organic material that will decompose; spread out a compost that isn't entirely decomposed, with well decomposed manure at the plant's base, and incorporate over 10 cm with a hoe. This operation is carried out in winter so that earthworms and bacteria have enough time to do their job.
Mulch my perennial sage
Mulch the base of the sage, it will avoid you some watering and weeding in summer, and - even if they are rather hardy: it will protect the roots of cold in winter.
Prune my perennial sage
Trim shrubby sage in winter, shortening branches that hinder balance.
Shelter my perennial sage
Bring in your potted sage in the fall, in a greenhouse or a veranda, or any place sheltered from the frost.