Philodendron

Easy to grow, large houseplants. A little showy maybe.
Common name : Philodendron
Scientific name : Philodendron spp.
Family : Araceae
Category : Indoor
Type of plant : Perennial
Evergreen
Evergreen
Cold-sensitive
Cold-sensitive
Pruning needed
Pruning needed
Flowery
Flowery
Indoor
Indoor
Small pots
Small pots
Philodendron is a large genus of flowering plants in the Araceae family, with almost 500 species found in many diverse habitats in the Americas and the West Indies, mostly in humid tropical forests, but also in swamps and rock outcrops. Some species climb the trunks of other trees with the aid of aerial roots. They can be grown outdoors in mild climates in shady spots and moist soils with high organic matter. Indoor they thrive at temperatures between 15 and 18 ┬░C and can survive at lower light levels than most other house plants.

Sowing & planting

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulom├ętrie plants.granulometry_3
Frost-resistance Medium
Zone USDA 10a
Height 300 - 600
pH 6 - 7

Identify my philodendron

Philodendrons are a genus of 500 species of shrubs, climbers and trees. Their leaves are alternated, evergreen, rosette-shaped, lustrous, leathery, and have many shapes. The inflorescences are small, many, grouped in spadices surrounded by a spathe.

Plant my philodendron

For the location, you need a bright place without too much direct sun - especially in the afternoon - and away from the heaters. The philodendrons are big plants, so chose a large pot - minimum 10 liters. When planting use potting soil for indoor plant - rather woody - or a beautiful compost well decomposed and very woody too. Some philodendron roots are aerial, do not bury them during planting. Then water copiously. For climbing species, use a support pole.

Water my philodendron

The philodendron is a tropical plant, so water it as soon as the top of the soil dries, and clean the leaves often. If possible, do not use water that is too calcareous. In winter, the plant is almost inactive, so space the waterings.

Spray my philodendron

In dry weather, spray your plant with water not too hard, clean the dust on the leaves: it will be all the more beautiful!

Prune my philodendron

Okay, you've planted a philodendron whose adult size is 6m, and it's inside your home, so you're thinking of shortening it. Do it in the spring, shortening all the stems.

Fertilize my philodendron

In summer, pour every 2 weeks a liquid fertilizer for green plants - or a good compost juice diluted to 1/10 if you have some! A slow-release fertilizer is possible ... Stop every fertilizing in the fall, and until the end of the following spring.

Repot my philodendron

At the end of the winter every 2 or 3 years, repot your philodendron in a pot slightly larger than the current one, with compost for indoor plants. If you have a beautiful compost well decomposed very woody, very draining, it works too.

Check on my philodendron

Watch out for the leaves' health: if they are deformed it is either a lack of light or an excess of water. Try both: find a brighter location and reduce watering. The known pests of the philodendron are mealybugs - which hate black soap - and red spiders - which can be limited by spraying water on the leaves.

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