Australian shrubs and trees with an elegant habit and a winter blooming.
Common name : Philotheca
Scientific name : Philotheca spp.
Family : Rutaceae
Category : Shrubs
Type of plant : Perennial
Full description for Philotheca spp. not yet available.
150 - 500
6 - 6.8
Plant my philotheca
You will plant the Philotheca in a pot, except in a really mild climate.
Choose a large vat or a pot preferably made of terracotta pierced at its bottom to ensure proper evacuation of water.
Place in the bottom of the pot a thick layer of gravel or clay balls equivalent to about 20% of the volume of the pot.
Make a mix of good potting soil, compost and medium-sized river sand. Spread a layer of this mixture in the bottom of the pot and place your philotheca so that the graft point slightly exceeds the surface of the pot because it should never be buried.
Fill vacant spaces with the mixture and tamp around the foot. Sprinkle copiously to remove any air bubbles in the soil. Add some mixture if necessary on the surface.
In open soil, plant in full sun, sheltered from the wind, ideally against a wall, in a light, neutral soil or a little acid and well drained.
On the other hand, never try to cultivate it indoors, it does not support the heat of the apartments.
Water my philotheca
The philotheca appreciates the water during the vegetative period, and much less during the wintering period. Be careful, if you grow it in pots, it will tolerate limestone water very moderately.
After each watering, remember to empty the dish.
Repot my philotheca
A potted philotheca needs regular provisions to stay in shape!
Repot in spring about every 2 to 3 years by changing the substrate as much as possible to a potting soil specially for citrus fruit or planting. Ensure that the bottom of the pot has a hole - add some gravel to the bottom for drainage.
Shelter my philotheca
In the fall, bring in the pots.
Winter your potted Philotheca in a very bright and frost free location: the ideal temperature should be between 8 and 12 ° C - especially not in your living room, or resign yourself to live at these temperatures!
During the winter, water again as long as the shrub bears fruit, then you will gradually spread waterings, allowing the substrate to dry slightly between two inputs.
Put outside my philotheca
Take out your lemon tree in pot for the summer, from May.
Find a spot in full sun, but sheltered from the wind that dries its leaves!
Protect my philotheca
If your philotheca is planted in open soil, but you fear a possible frost, don't hesitate to cover its base with a good layer of dead leaves for the harshest weeks.
Also wrap the stem in a thick mat (woven bulrush, cane, rye or rice straw...), held by ties. You can also cover the foliage with a wintering cover.
Fertilize my philotheca
The love of water accelerates soil leaching: therefore, it really must be fertilized — especially for potted lemons!
For a plentiful harvest, regularly provide a fertilizer rich in nitrogen and lye — you can find fertilizers appropriate for citrus fruit in stores or try with a compost. In winter, reduce the provisions to once a month. In spring, start back up with a frequency of once every two weeks.
Always fertilize after watering, and never on dry soil.
Prune my philotheca
In winter, prune the dead or diseased branches, as well as those that overlap, to open the plant and allow the light to penetrate. That's all.
Check on my philotheca
Watch for the mealybugs. If you see some, black soap cleaning is necessary. Mealybugs should be rinsed off. Good luck.