Plum

Plums are no trouble at all. In fact, it's the plum tree that does most of the work. Available in many varieties (mirabelles, damsons, greengages, etc.) plums are regarded as being quite easy to grow.
Common name : Plum
Scientific name : Prunus domestica
Family : Rosaceae
Category : Fruit plants
Type of plant : Perennial
Easy peasy
Easy peasy
Edible
Edible
Domestic plums have been cultivated in Europe since the Renaissance, in various forms and varieties. Unfortunately, parasites are quite fond of the plum have complicated its effort to produce fruit in the wild. They like loose soil that is fresh and well-drained, and partial or full sunlight. In heavy, moist soil, plum trees will produce more wood than fruit. Try planting several at a time in order to facilitate pollination.

Sowing & planting

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Harvestint

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_4
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 5a
Height 250 - 1000
pH 6 - 7

Identify my plum

A small tree with deciduous foliage and elliptical, serrated leaves. Flowers white in March-April. Fruits are ovoid. is a fruit tree of the Prunus genus, part of the Rosaceae family. It's cultivated for it's fruits, plums! The domesticated plum tree (P. domestica) is the primary plum tree cultivated in Europe and Southwest Asia. C.K Schneider, includes the Zwetschge plum, which produces golden yellow and purple-skinned fruits, while the Mirabelle plum produces small, round, yellow plums, and the Damson plum produces yellow-green fruits with a subtle flavour. Large fruit plums, Prunus domestica subsp. domestica C.K Schneider, are the subspecies which produces most of the commonly cultivated and well-known plums. Ancient French freestone varieties, such as the green or gold King Claude, the Mirabelle and the Zwetschge, are known as "noble varieties". The Agen plum produces purple plums that are dried to make prunes. The Stanley plum variety, a cross between Agen plums and Grand Duke plums, is now one of the most cultivated plums worldwide. It's a vigorous, highly productive, self-fertilizing tree that produces purple-blue fruits with firm skin — these are destined for drying. Other derivatives of the European plum tree available on the French market are: the President, Ortenauer, Elena, Presenta, Buhl Zwetschge, Alsace Zwetschge, Vars, King Claude of Oullins, King Claude green or gold, King Claude of Althan, and the Mirabelle of Nancy.

Plant my plum

Preferably plant several plum trees for the pollination, in ordinary soil (not particularly heavy or damp) in the sun. Planting bare roots is only done in winter, whereas you can plant trees with a root ball and those in a container until spring. Treat bear roots (shorten the roots and soak them in a mixture of soil and compost). Plant in a hole that is about 20 cm bigger than the root ball, gradually put the crumbled earth back by regularly tamping down around the roots. Water after planting with at least 50 liters of water that you will pour into a basin formed around the trunk. A tilted stake planted in the hole will be useful against strong winds as long as you don't forget to remove it after 2 year and that you use a supple attachment.

Prune my plum

If you have no idea what to prune, it's better not to do it than to do a bad job! Turn your pruners so the counter blade rests near the part you want to remove. Only cut off crossed branches, and those that are growing towards the center of the tree — no point in giving fungus a better chance to invade!

Water my plum

The first year, and in case of drought, it's better to water generously but infrequently to encourage the root system to seek water deep underground. It's therefore suitable to water until the planting basin is full and only empties slowly.

Mulch my plum

Thoroughly mulch the base of young plums the first year with wood chips or bark. This will limit weed growth, and you will avoid the chore of watering!

Reap my plum

Take care, the branches of your plum tree break easily! Handle them gently!

Unprop my plum

After two years.

Check on my plum

Nyctaginaceae

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