Phoenix roebelenii is a small to medium-sized, slow-growing slender tree growing to 2 metres (6. ft) tall, rarely more.
Common name : Pygmy date palm
Scientific name : Phoenix roebelenii
Family : Arecaceae
Category : Trees
Type of plant : Perennial
A species of date palm native to southeastern Asia. In temperate climates it is grown as a houseplant.
As such, it is fairly easy to grow : it just requires full light, and lots of water from spring to summer, and considerably less from autumn through winter.
Sowing & planting
50 - 150
6.2 - 6.8
Plant my pygmy date palm
In the open ground, plant in spring in a spot sheltered from the wind, warm, drained, fresh, rich, in semi shade.
Dig a hole three times the size of the root ball, and plant without burying the base of the stem. Tamp the soil well while you put it back in the hole. Do not mix the soil layers. Form a large hollow, and water with at least two watering cans.
In pots, plant in loam mixed with potting soil, and put gravel at the bottom of the tank for good drainage. Choose a pot as large as possible.
Repot my pygmy date palm
Every two or three years, repot your palm tree, cut 1/3 of the roots, and replace 1/3 of the earth. If it is too big to be handled you can replace the top layer of soil with new potting soil, or some compost on about ten centimeters.
Water my pygmy date palm
Water the palms the first year after planting, and also if yours is potted, as soon as the soil has dried since the previous watering, without ever soaking them. Always water with water at room temperature: the palm tree does not appreciate cold water!
Prune my pygmy date palm
Cut off the dry leaves.
Shelter my pygmy date palm
Keep your potted palm trees sheltered from frost by bringing them inside, near a window but protecting them from the sun.
Put outside my pygmy date palm
In April-May, take out your pots sheltered inside for the winter: find a location sheltered from drafts!
Check on my pygmy date palm
The butterfly larva Paysandisia archon is currently active in some warm areas, and digs galleries in the plant. Cut and burn, or a treatment with nematode Steinernema carpocapsae, as a preventive, is possible between March and November.
Take care of my pygmy date palm
To compensate for the low air moisture inside, you can spray the palms with non-calcareous water and place a cup filled with clay balls and water under the plant.
Remember to regularly remove the dust that is deposited on the palms with a wet sponge: the leaves will perform better photosynthesis!