Rosa rugosa is a so-called "botanical" species of rose - that is, the result of natural selection.
Originally from East Asia and introduced to Europe in the late 18th century, it has sometimes become invasive! This is the case, in particular, in the dunes of the coastal Northern France - where we live!
It is a rose-tree of medium size, sometimes reaching 2 meters of height, with a bushy port, leaves embossed and rough, hence its name 'Rugosa' - and with simple and fragrant flowers, from white to red.
Easy to care for, rarely sick, it has yet another bonus point : its fleshy fruits, almost round, are also edible!
Sowing & planting
20 - 700
6 - 7
Plant my rugosa rose
The planting is done ideally from September to March, in frost-free conditions, especially with bare roots. In this case, a good drench (put mud on the roots) will make a huge difference. Plant in soil that is fertile, cool, well drained, humus rich, and not too chalky in direct sunlight (what do you mean that's asking for the moon?). Prune damaged roots and shorten branches to 25 cm. Plant without burying the root collar, tamp down well around the roots, and water generously when planted. Form a little planting basin if you plant late for watering during the first year.
Fertilize my rugosa rose
Timeless advice from Groww: fertilize as a preventative measure in November. Be reasonable, roses just need a little organic fertilizer (manure, compost, etc), 100g/m² is enough. Nothing is stopping you from testing out a few of your own little recipes (banana peels for minerals, coffee grounds against aphids), but Groww provides no guarantee! Avoid mulching with fresh wood during the blooming period.
Water my rugosa rose
Water abundantly but not too frequently, so that the roots will fetch water deeper. Water thoroughly until the soil is wet and a small puddle forms around the tree.
Mulch my rugosa rose
Roses hate competition, so either you love to hoe, and you hoe every two weeks, or you mulch twice a year in order to have 3-4 cm of straw or wood on the ground. Mulch with what you have with a reasonable quantity: a little (very very little) bit of grass cuttings, dry leaves, or even compost, not yet thoroughly decomposed before winter. The importance is to cover.
Prune my rugosa rose
Rugosa rose is really not demanding! Simply cut and remove old twigs, damaged ones, at the end of winter. Give it a nice shape for the season!
Check on my rugosa rose
Pay particularly close attention to damage to the bark or the wood. The numerous attacks that your roses are subjected to when it comes to their leaves (black spots, insects, aphids) are less dangerous to their health.