Neither a true palm nor a fern - the Sago palm does bring some exotic into your home.
Common name : Sago palm
Scientific name : Cycas spp.
Family : Cycadaceae
Category : Indoor
Type of plant : Perennial
Cycas is the type genus and the only genus recognised in the family Cycadaceae, which comprises 113 species. Cycas revoluta - the sago palm - is a species native to southern Japan and one of several species used for the production of sago -hence the name - as well as as the most widely cultivated species, grown outdoors in warm temperate and subtropical regions or under glass in colder areas. It grows best in sandy, well-drained soil, preferably with some organic matter, requires bright light and good drainage.
It is also quite popular as a bonsai plant.
Sowing & planting
100 - 600
6 - 7
Identify my sago palm
The cycads look like shrubby ferns or palm trees, with large pinnate leaves sometimes up to 1.5 m, implanted in whorls.
The flowers are dioecious, in the heart of the leaves, the male flowers grouped in woolly cones, while the female flowers are shaped like modified leaves bearing the eggs.
Plant my sago palm
Plant from the dry slopes of the southern hemisphere, preferably plant your cycad in a very big pot that you will put outside during the summer.
Plant in a mixture of compost, garden soil and coarse bark, in a container of at least 50 Liters. Sprinkle.
In the soft weathered regions, if the temperature rarely approaches 0 ° C in winter, plant Cycas revoluta -Cycas from Japan- in open ground in a well-drained soil, fertile and cool, in the sun. Sprinkle.
Water my sago palm
The cycad is not very demanding in water, so in season, indoors, water it once or twice a week, and reduce to once every 10 days during winter.
Prune my sago palm
Let the yellowened lower leaves dry by themselves before tearing them of: they are quite normal in the cycle of life of the cycad, which renews its foliage.
Repot my sago palm
If your cycad is still small, repot it in a larger pot at the end of winter every two years, with a mixture of soil, compost and bark.
In any case, every year, surface your cycad by replacing the topsoil with mature compost.
Propagate my sago palm
Cycads multiply by seed. It is a dioecious plant, so you need a male and a female to get fertile seeds.
If you were able to obtain fertile seeds, soak them overnight in water before sowing them at 15 to 30 ° C in some fine potting soil.
During spring, you can recover the plantlings which emerge beside the mother plant, delicately, using a spade or better, a wood chisel.
transplant in a mixture of soil, compost and bark.
Check on my sago palm
Keep a close eye on the leaves: if they are deformed it is either a lack of light or an excess of water. If some lower leaves turn yellow, it's normal, the cycad regularly renews its leaves, cut them when they are completely dry.
Yellowing of the upper leaves is abnormal, it is probably a lack of water.
Protect my sago palm
For Cycas in open soil, mulch in the fall with dead leaves to protect it from cold.
Put outside my sago palm
Do not hesitate to take out your potted Cycas for the summer! Just avoid placing it directly in direct sunlight - acclimate it gently, and of course, watch the watering!
Shelter my sago palm
Bring your cycad to shelter at the end of the summer.