Salsify

An easy winter vegetable.
Common name : Salsify
Scientific name : Tragopogon porrifolius
Family : Asteraceae
Category : Veggies
Type of plant : Biennial
Tragopogon porrifolius - salsify - is the most widely known species of the salsify genus, Tragopogon, native to Mediterranean regions of Europe but introduced elsewhere, and cultivated for its ornamental flower, edible root, and herbal properties. It is a common biennial wildflower, growing to around 1.2 m (4 ft) in height, with grasslike foliage and purple, 5 cm (2 in) across flowers.

Sowing & planting

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Flowering

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Harvestint

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Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_4
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 6a
Height 60 - 100
pH 6 - 7

Identify my salsify

A biennial herbaceous plant of the family Asteraceae growing up to 1 meter tall, with long, narrow gray-green leaves. The second year, salsify has purple flowers grouped in capitules. The fruits - achenes - are extended by a beak which bears a plume of feathery hairs. The taproot is fleshy, smooth, yellowish-white, about 20 cm long. Salsify and scorzonera are often confused - which, to complicate matters, are often sold on the markets under the name of salsify: the first is white, the second is black, but their taste is very close.

Sow my salsify

Sow in cool, moist soil, rather acidic. Sow in the ground from March to May. Work the soil finely and try to remove the stones on 20 cm deep, finishing with a scratching. Space the lines by 25 cm, and sow clear in a furrow 4 cm deep. Tamp the earth with the back of the rake. Sprinkle gently with the watering can or better, with the sprayer, without creating a swirl that would take away the seeds. Salsify takes two weeks to emerge.

Water my salsify

Water regulary in the fist weeks. Try to avoid watering on sunny afternoons to minimize the amount of moisture lost to evaporation. If your plant is in a pot, check the top of the soil in the pot either by looking at it or touching it with your finger. In any case, if it hasn’t rained in a month, water !

Thin out my salsify

One month after sowing, when the seedlings have 4 true leaves, keep only one plant every ten centimeters. Do not transplant the plants, they will make crooked salsify! Mulch if it's not done yet.

Harvesting my salsify

Collect salsify between October and March the first year. For this use a pitchfork. Work deep, the salsify can sink up to 30 cm. Before eating let your salsify dry on the ground. You must consume them in the days that follow, unless you freeze them.

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