The snapdragon, easy to grow in the garden or in pots - and many cultivars to choose from.
Common name : Snapdragon
Scientific name : Antirrhinum majus
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Category : Annual
The snapdragon is a species of flowering plant belonging to the genus Antirrhinum, native to the Mediterranean region. The common name "snapdragon", originates from the flowers' reaction to having their throats squeezed, which causes the "mouth" of the flower to snap open like a dragon's mouth.
It is an herbaceous perennial plant, growing to 0.5–1 m tall, rarely up to 2 m. The leaves are spirally arranged, broadly lanceolate, 1–7 cm long and 2-2.5 cm broad. The flowers are produced on a tall spike, each flower is 3.5-4.5 cm long, zygomorphic, with two 'lips' closing the corolla tube - wild plants have pink to purple flowers, often with yellow lips.
Though perennial, the species is often cultivated as a biennial or annual plant, particularly in colder areas where it may not survive the winter. Numerous cultivars are available, including plants with lavender, orange, pink, yellow, or white flowers.
It often escapes from cultivation, and naturalized populations occur widely in Europe.
Sowing & planting
30 - 120
Identify my snapdragon
The large-flowered snapdragon comes in many varieties depending on their height: dwarfs less than 30 cm, medium ones are 30 to 70 cm and tall ones are 70 to 120 cm high, with very wide color palettes.
It is more often grown as an annual flower, but it is not uncommon to see snapdragons resist some mild winters.
Its use in the garden can take different forms because this plant is not demanding, it enters the blends of seeds of the flowered meadows, it decorates the flower beds and can even find its place in compositions in pot, on terrace or balcony !
Sow my snapdragon
The Snapdragon is a year-round plant in most areas where it freezes below -5 ° C in winter. It can also be spontaneously sown in the garden, but with hybrid varieties, we do not always find the same colors.
Sow the snapdragon directly in the ground in mild climates, alone or mixed with other annuals, the flowering can happen later than with a seedling under shelter, even staggered!
In January-February, sow in a box - transplant the plants 2 to 4 weeks later and place them in the ground in May.
Dibble my snapdragon
Plant the seedling between two and four weeks after planting (as soon as the plant is sufficiently developed to be handled).
Carefully separate the seedlings and replant individually in a bucket filled with transplanting soil, or a mixture of soil and well-decomposed compost. Water copiously at the plantation, then every day during the first weeks.
Plant my snapdragon
About two months after sowing, and 6 weeks after transplanting, the plants have grown strong enough to be placed in the open soil.
Plant them in finely worked beds (spaded, scratched and raked), when the last spring frosts are over. Once the bed is properly prepared, make a small hole with a transplanter, remove the plant from its bucket, put it in the hole, and compact the soil to put it in contact with the roots.
Respect a spacing between the plants corresponding to one third of its intended width. Water copiously to promote rooting.
Mulch my snapdragon
You can mulch between the plants one to two weeks after planting with the aid of a mulch which holds in moisture. This will limit evaporation from the soil, and thus the need to water and to weed.
Remove my snapdragon
If your snapdragon is planted in the ground, know that it hardly withstands negative temperatures - you will then have to pull it out, to replant it the following year. Compost the leftovers, and take advantage of it to clean your beds!
Water my snapdragon
Watering might be needed during summer bloom, and should be monitored for potted snapdragons.
Water seeds and seedlings gently in fine mist, being careful not to drown them. Once in open soil or in pots, and well developed, the plants will sustain the use of a watering jet or watering can, morning or evening. Inside, always be careful not to wet the foliage too much, it would promote diseases.
Take care of my snapdragon
Do not use any fertilizer, it makes this plant more fragile.
Propagate my snapdragon
In September, you can also try a quick cuttings: take herbaceous shoots and plant them in small scoops with a mixture of soil and sand. Keep them at a temperature between 20 and 25 ° C, exposed to light, to replant the following spring!
Shelter my snapdragon
Your snapdragons will not tolerate frosts, but they are not suited to living room life either! You can try to shelter them inside for short periodes, in case of frost. Success not guarenteed...
Put outside my snapdragon
Your snapdragons will be much better outside once the fear of the big frosts is past due! Out!