Spruce

There are many forms of spruce, including the common spruce, the one we use as a Christmas tree! If you have successfully replanted your Christmas tree, chances are it is actually a Norway spruce.
Common name : Spruce
Scientific name : Picea
Family : Pinaceae
Category : Trees
Type of plant : Perennial
Spruces are conifers that prefer the regions with harsh winters. Depending on the species and variety, the spruces have different shapes, some very compact, and others very erect, they can have the size of a shrub as well as a tree of high forest. The needles are arranged all around the branch, and cause a stripe of bark to be torn off when they are unhooked from the branch. This makes it possible to differentiate them from the real fir trees whose needles begin with a small sucker. The female cones of spruces are first erected, then become pendent in winter. In comparison, in the winter the cones of fir trees have already released their seeds. The shade of spruces is often dense, and their litter of small needles retains moisture well, which unfortunately can't be used as mulch.

Sowing & planting

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_2
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 6a
Height 60 - 3000
pH 6 - 7

Plant my spruce

Take care not to damage the conifer roots while planting, which is best done in the fall. Get some potted trees because spruce trees are afraid of root dryness. Find a location in the sun, in any soil, provided the climate is not too warm. Dig a hole twice the size of the rootball, install a support pole at the bottom, and put back half of the soil (starting with the one you left the bottom). Place the root ball not to bury the collar, then put the rest of the earth around the plant. Tamp the soil regularly not to leave pockets of air. Mulch with needles or pine bark. Attach your spruce to the support with a flexible link. In pots, plant in a mixture of sand, potting soil and loam. In this case you need a very large pot ;-)

Water my spruce

Water your spruce the first year in the dry season, providing at least one watering can twice a week. In pots, wait until the soil is dry to water.

Unprop my spruce

Your tree should be well rooted after two years, so remove the stake now that it is not needed anymore.

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