Tomatoes

The star of any vegetable garden, especially certain varieties like cherry tomatoes, can be easily grown on balconies or patios!
Common name : Tomatoes
Scientific name : Solanum lycopersicum
Family : Solanaceae
Category : Veggies
Type of plant : Annual
Sun loving
Sun loving
Edible
Edible
Large pot
Large pot
The tomato is a herbaceous plant, sensitive to the cold, perennial in warm climates and generally grown as an annual in temperate regions. The species includes a number of botanical varieties including the "cherry tomato", and thousands of other varieties. The choice of solid seeds that are adapted to your region is important, and ideally they should be from where near you'd like to plant. Tomatoes need about 4 months to grow. You can start planting in a covered area as early as February or March so that you can plant your seedlings in May, but you can also buy seedlings in pots - not as a sauce - and plant them in May in open soil or in a planter, in the sun.

Sowing & planting

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Flowering

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Harvestint

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_3
Frost-resistance Medium
Zone USDA 10b
Height 60 - 120
pH 6 - 7

Sow my tomatoes

You may commence to sow under shelter or indoors starting in February, in a greenhouse or next to a window, avoiding direct sunlight. Prepare a bed of gravel or clay pebbles to facilitate draining and prevent the roots from rotting. Add potting soil specially for sowing up to about 2/3 of the container and tamp down lightly. Then fill to the top, without tamping down the new soil. Sow your seeds, spaced approximately 4 cm apart for each seedling – a few seeds in the middle of a pot will be enough. Water regularly. It will take about a week of temperatures above 20°C before you see the first germination — this is the time when the seedlings need the most light. Sowing outside is only possible in warm climates - when temperatures exceed 20 ° C, sow directly in the sun, in fine soil mixed with sifted compost. Place 2 or 3 seeds for each square meter, and cover very little. Water gently, you will have to keep the soil moist the first weeks.

Dibble my tomatoes

If you've sown in a seeding tray, transplant the seedlings to small individual pots as soon as the first leaves appear. Continue to water regularly, eventually adding a little organic fertilizer.

Plant my tomatoes

Tomatoes like soils that are rich in humus, ideally enriched before planting, with a great exposure to the sun! Starting in the beginning of May, once there's no more risk of freezing, place them in your planter or garden in a sunny place, sheltered from the wind. Leave at least 80 cm between each plant, allowing light to shine all over, and also to protect against disease. Useful little peculiarity about tomatoes — they can be regrown by cutting roots from the vines. Take advantage during planting — bury them deeper than the neck, tilting the root in the hole, then use a guiding stake to straighten it.

Thin out my tomatoes

If you have sown directly in open soil, then three weeks after sowing, keep only one vigorous plant per spot, and eventually transplant the others.

Prune my tomatoes

The pruning of tomatoes! Vast subject, and the first question is: should we, or not, cut the tomato plant? - In traditional tomato cultivation, we cut, what is often called the "suckers", to stimulate the growth of the plant and the formation of the fruits. - Nowadays, many gardeners no longer resort to this trimming, particularly guilty of making the plant susceptible to diseases. The tomato is a perennial in its biotope of origin - South America! - but not at home: it has therefore in northern countries a shorter growth than an annual plant, accustomed to grow quickly before winter. In some countries, the short months of heat are not enough, and it is annoying to finish the season with green tomatoes! Now, when we talk about the pruning of the tomato, what is it exactly about? It is therefore necessary to remove the branches that sometimes grow under the base of already formed branches to remove the rejections which are born at the base of the plant, cut the low leaves that touch the ground, and finally monitor the number of flowers, to avoid the plant to get tired by producing too much. What is the risk of pruning? Indeed, cutting the branches opens wounds, which can cause plant fatigue, or even the introduction of diseases. Well, what does Groww say? Well, it depends. On berry varieties, do not cut. On big fruits, and depending on the region, cut, a little. Remove the discards, often to replant them further! The first shoots are left and can be removed if the plant becomes too big. The low leaves that touch the soil or mulch should be removed quite systematically. Finally,remove the foliage which sometimes prevents the fruits from maturing well, when the plant needs less leaves, and more sun!

Water my tomatoes

Tomatoes enjoy mostly cool, light soil that can warm up quickly, and regular, unchanging moisture. This means it's useless to water if, for example, we're talking about a plant grown in open soil — proper mulching is the best way to conserve humidity. The root itself should go 30 to 40 cm down to find water. Additionally, if you water too much at the beginning, the stem will only produce superficial roots and you'll end up needing to water them constantly! Golden rule: never water during direct sunlight: this can burn the foliage, and this wastes water. Rather, water in the late-afternoon or evening, but not too late! You risk exposing your plants to mildew if the foliage stays wet throughout the night. Also pay attention not to massacre the roots with an overpowered water jet. Favor pots with a water reserve if you're cultivating on a deck or balcony, or place saucers of water under the pots.

Mulch my tomatoes

Mulch between the plants one to two weeks after the final planting with a natural mulch which holds in moisture. Ideally, leaf and yard waste works perfectly — grass cuttings, cut branches, and dead leaves! This will limit soil evaporation and thus the need for watering and weeding.

Reap my tomatoes

Harvesting takes place approximately ever four to six months after seeding, according to growth conditions, generally starting in mid-August and going until the end of autumn if the climate permits. You can pick the tomatoes when fully ripe, or let younger ones ripen by placing them on a windowsill.

Check on my tomatoes

A variety of diseases are fairly common among tomatoes, but we can avoid these with a few simple steps. Mildew, unfortunately very common, causes brown marks on the leaves. Powdery mildew presents as a sort of white felt on the leaves, while aphids cause the leaves to curl in on themselves. Once mildew has gotten in your plants, it's not easy to get rid of! As soon as you see brown leaves, remove them delicately, taking care not to shake the stem and root of the plant to avoid spreading the disease. Don't compost the diseased leaves. Disinfect any tools used. As a preventative measure, you can also try spraying a mixture of water with sodium bicarbonate and a bit of black soap.

Remove my tomatoes

Once the last fruit is harvested, if you want to use the plot again, don't forget to pull out the plants to make room for autumn plantings! Correctly remove the roots and avoid composting the remains if the foliage shows signs of disease.

Groww, the plant identification and gardening app