Turnip

Neeps and tatties ! Yes, you got to love Scotland to understand that one.
Common name : Turnip
Scientific name : Brassica rapa
Family : Brassicaceae
Category : Veggies
Type of plant : Biennial
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Edible
Edible
The turnip or white turnip - Brassica rapa - is a root vegetable commonly grown in temperate climates worldwide for its white, bulbous taproot.

Sowing & planting

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Flowering

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Harvestint

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Caracteristics

Exposition
Water needs
Granulométrie plants.granulometry_4
Frost-resistance High
Zone USDA 7a
Height 60 - 100
pH 7

Identify my turnip

The turnip is a biennial grown in annual, it is part of the family Brassicaceae and would originate from the Mediterranean or West Asia. This vegetable is particularly cultivated for its very plump, elongated or flattened root. It can be yellow, white, black or two-color depending on the variety.

Sow my turnip

Sow sparse in open soil, from March to June for summer varieties and from mid-July to mid-August for fall and winter varieties, in rows 25 to 30 cm apart. Some gardeners sow under shelter in March - in this case it is necessary to transplant the seedlings when they reach ten centimeters. The turnip does not like full sun: install it in the mild sun in spring and autumn, in the semi-shade in summer, in a cool, loosened soil, rich in humus and not limestone. The turnip is greedy: it is better to provide an organic fertilizer in the autumn, long before sowing, or a good layer of compost. Good to know: the turnip is considered an exhausting plant for the soil. Avoid planting in the same spot before 3 or 4 years!

Dibble my turnip

As soon as the seedlings sown indoors measure about 10 cm, it is time to put your turnips in the middle of the shade, in a fresh soil, loosened, rich in humus and not limestone.

Thin out my turnip

You can thin out with the hoe when the plants are tiny, or by hand, when the plants have 3 or 4 leaves. Keep a plant every 5 cm, staggered, leaving a bit more for the winter harvest. If necessary, a little later, do not hesitate to remove the last young small turnips to let others grow: fresh, iced or cooked in a hotpot, these are the best!

Mulch my turnip

The turnip needs water - mulch with everything that comes at hand! When the first plants are thinned and a little sturdy, spread a thick layer of shredded branches or residue of mowing ... Do not worry, but do not forget!

Water my turnip

The foliage leans towards the ground, then turns yellow? Your turnip is thirsty, it does not like drought! Water, otherwise you may harvest hard and fibrous roots ... Depending on the thickness of your mulching, you will need to water 1 or 2 times a week in summer, a little less in autumn. You can water the foliage: you will avoid flea beetles, which hate it!

Harvesting my turnip

You can start harvesting 2 months after planting for spring and fall planting, and 3 months after planting for winter varieties. The young leaves of turnip, freshly grown, are a delight sauteed in butter! Harvest according to your needs, but do not let them grow too big. After mid-October, just before the frosts, harvest the last plants, you can keep them for several months: have them dry a few hours on the ground, cut the leaves and rootlets and store them, for example in a cellar in dry sand.

Fertilize my turnip

Turnips are greedy! If your land has not been prepared well ahead, you can make well-decomposed compost inputs during the cultivation.

Associate my turnip

The turnip appreciates the proximity of dill, mint, rosemary and celery, and also likes carrots, beans, lettuce, tomatoes and peas. Thyme and lemon balm would tend to keep flies away from the turnip. Good to know, fennel - for those who like it! - repels flea beetle and turnip maggot. Plant it next to the turnip because few vegetables - and children, but tere is no link - like fennel.

Check on my turnip

The turnip is victim of flea beetle, slugs, turnip maggot, and mildew, of course! In case of attack by the flea beetle turnip leaves are perforated in many places. You can repel the flea beetle by associating it with aromatic plants! The flea beetle hates water, you can try to water the leaves to make it run away. At the risk of favoring mildew! Yes, it's an endless struggle ... The slug is a big devourer of young plants. So that it does not ruin your turnip crops, use the usual techniques. The turnip maggot can harm the roots, its larvae digging galleries. Know that manures too fresh, and a dry soil are favorable to him. The proximity of these aromatic plants repels it: thyme, rosemary, lemon balm or hyssop. While the plant is already attacked you will have no other way than to destroy it and to wait several years before planting turnips in the same spot! Mildew is the most common disease for turnips. It is recognized by the yellowing of the leaves and then by the fluffy white spots that they cover. The horsetail tea is a healing way.

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